Open Access Research Collection
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This collection of resources includes scholarly journal articles, book chapters, government publications, statistical reports, evaluation studies, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, audio and video expert syntheses, and other authoritative, evidence-based resources pertaining to all aspects of crimes against individuals and support for victims.
- ItemResearch Summary: Informal Help-Seeking in Moments of Acute Danger: Intimate Partner Violence Survivors’ Emergency Outreach Efforts and the Forces That Shape Them(Center for Victim Research, 2022-10) Goodman, Lisa A.; Epstein, Deborah; Nnawulezi, Nnawulezi; Zhang, Emily; Hailes, Helen; Slocum, AllisonHeightened attention to police brutality has created momentum for alternative, community-based responses to violence, including intimate partner violence (IPV). Many IPV survivors rely on the police for intervention and at the same time, many (especially those from racially marginalized communities) are deeply reluctant to seek police assistance given the harms that the criminal-legal system has caused people in their communities. This tension comes into sharpest focus in moments of acute danger, when survivors face a risk of acute harm or even death. What do survivors want in those moments, and what influences their decision-making? A survivor-centered approach to this critical issue must begin with an exploration of what already occurs when survivors face crisis moments. Although activists and survivors have supplied valuable narratives that begin to address this question, limited systematic research exists in this area. This qualitative descriptive study set out to fill this gap, exploring survivors’ process of seeking help from network members, the outcomes of their efforts, and the contextual, interpersonal, and individual influences on that process. We hope that these findings will be useful as we work to build on existing community responses to better meet survivor needs.
- ItemA scoping review of outcomes in elder abuse intervention research: The current landscape and where to go next(ScienceDirect, 2021) Burnes, David; MacNeil, Andie; Nowaczynski, Aliya; Sheppard, Christine; Trevors, Leeann; Lenton, Erica; Lachs, Mark; Pillemer, KarlElder abuse intervention outcomes vary across studies and are inconsistently operationalized and measured. Majority of elder abuse intervention outcomes are attached to the victim or intervention process itself. Need for further outcomes attached to perpetrator, victim-perpetrator relationship, and family, home, and social systems. Need to examine elder abuse intervention process outcomes as mediators or moderators of successful case outcomes. Need to establish common set of elder abuse intervention outcomes to facilitate data synthesis/comparison in future studies (Author Text)
- ItemExamining the impact of economic abuse on survivors of intimate partner violence: a scoping review(Springer Nature, 2022) Johnson, Laura; Chen, Yafan; Stylianou, AmandaBackground Economic abuse is a unique form of intimate partner violence (IPV) and includes behaviors that control a survivor’s ability to acquire, use, and maintain resources. These tactics can result in someone becoming economically dependent on their partner and may limit their ability to leave the relationship and establish independence. The aim of this study was to conduct a scoping review focused on the impact of economic abuse on survivors of IPV. Methods A total of 14 databases were reviewed, which resulted in 35 peer-reviewed manuscripts for inclusion in the study. Manuscripts were included if they were: written in English, published since the year 2000, focused specifically on the impact of economic abuse perpetrated by an intimate partner, economic abuse was measured as an independent variable, and if economic abuse was looked at separately from other forms of IPV. Both convenience and population-based samples were included in the review. Information was extracted using a data charting form. The data were analyzed using a combination of grouping techniques and constant comparison methods to identify key findings. Results Studies found significant associations between economic abuse and a range of outcomes, such as mental and physical health, financial impacts, parent-child interactions, and quality of life. The most frequently examined were mental health, followed by financial issues. Conclusions Limitations of these studies included a lack of longitudinal research and a focus on heterosexual relationships with male-perpetrated violence toward female survivors. Study findings highlight the wide-ranging potential impacts of economic abuse on survivors and the need for additional research to better understand potential outcomes and implement and evaluate interventions to address them. (Author Abstract)
- ItemPreventing Mass Attacks, Saving Lives(RAND Corporation, 2022)RAND Corporation researchers created this toolkit to help reduce the likelihood of mass shootings and other public attacks, and reduce the casualties of completed attacks. Whatever your role or level of experience, this toolkit can make you a better defender against mass attacks. After studying 600 mass attack events and plots, interviewing dozens of experts, and reviewing hundreds of references, the team identified the Mass Attacks Defense Chain, a series of defenses that work together to reduce the probability of mass attacks and their impacts. (Author Abstract)
- ItemDriving Public Support: Support for a Law is Higher When the Law is Named After a Victim(Taylor & Francis, 2022) Socia, KellyDespite the potential symbolic, political, and practical importance of naming a law after a victim, it is unclear whether this practice influences public opinion about the law itself. I conducted a randomized vignette survey experiment on 1,000 American adults to determine if support for a proposed distracted driving law, and the punishment it authorized, was influenced by whether it was named after a victim, as well as the victim’s race, gender, and age. I found that naming a law after a victim increased support for the law and the punishment authorized overall, but this effect was not consistent across all named laws, and instead was driven by specific types of named victims. In particular, results suggest the image of the “ideal victim” may have shifted or expanded to place greater emphasis on African American women, and less emphasis on White women. (Author Abstract)